History of the Vatican City
Vatican City is a country of art and culture with a prominent history.
The history of the vatican city depicts that the city was unacknowledged as an autonomous state until 11 February 1929, when Mussolini’s three Lateran treaties governed it.
Before the country gained independence in 1929, Vatican City was a part of Rome.
After independence, the country is ruled by Pope as its head maintaining laws and regulations.
The history and facts of Vatican city is a vast and much-debated topic among visitors.
Initially, the Vatican City was intended to remain unoccupied because it was regarded as sacred ground.
However, the area became more populated after the first church. i.e., Constantine’s Basilica was built over the tomb of St. Peter.
After this, every building was constructed in connection with St. Peter.
The Popes gradually took over the surrounding areas until the mid-19th century, when the Kingdom of Italy seized the Papal States.
Finally, Italy adopted Catholicism as its official religion in 1984.
History of Vatican timeline
1506: The foundation of St. Peter Basilica was laid.
1512: Michelangelo completed his painting on the Sistine Chapel ceiling and was ready for public exhibition for the first time.
1626: The construction of the largest church in the world, St. Peter Basilica was completed.
1929: Pope Pius XI and Italian leader Bonito Benito Mussolini signed the Lateran treaty declaring the Independence of Vatican City, the smallest country in the world.
1934: The Vatican City railway station, in Italian known as, Stazione Città del Vaticano or Stazione Vaticana was first opened.
1943: During world war II the german army occupied Rome, though the Vatican City was free. The Vatican was also neutral during world war II.
1950: Holy Year declared by Pope XII.
1984: The Vatican established full diplomatic relations with the United States after 117 years.
Early History of Vatican
The name ‘Vatican” was initially used to refer to Ager Vaticanus during the Roman Republic.
Ager Vaticanus used to be a marshy plain on the west bank of the river Tiber.
The area was inhabited until the end of the 1st century AD.
Emperor Caligula started building a Circus for the charioteers’ in the garden laid by his mother Agrippina “the Elder”.
This garden was later completed by Nero and was later known as the “Circus of Nero.”
As per ancient sayings, the Circus of Nero is the place where Saint peter died, and the place became a martyrdom for many Christians.
Vatican City Today
The Vatican city today is one of the most important places related to the history of roman art and culture.
The city holds the seat of the pope and is the world’s smallest sovereign state.
The city is home to some of the world’s most famous museums and churches including the largest church in the world, St. Peter Basilica.
Some of the most famous artwork of many renowned artists throughout history can also be seen at the Vatican Museum, the most visited attraction of Vatican City.
Know More About Our Vatican Tickets
Vatican Skip the Line Tickets: This ticket allows you to Skip the queue outside the Museum’s entrance, and you get to enjoy priority access to the Vatican Museums.
Last Minute Vatican Ticket: If you wish to visit the Vatican Museum but haven’t booked the ticket in advance. This same-day ticket will be your lifesaver and help you access the museums.
Early Access Vatican Ticket: Early access Vatican Ticket allows you to visit the Museum before it opens for the general public. Visit the museum peacefully in a less crowded environment.
Guided Tour of Vatican: With this ticket, you will get an expert guide to lead your tour and walk you through the museum telling interesting stories and facts related to exhibitions, arts, architecture and the Vatican museum itself.
Vatican Night Tour: Buy this Ticket and you can visit the museum during night hours or evening hours, giving a whole amazing experience of a Vatican visit.
Private Tour of Vatican: With this ticket, you get a guide dedicated to your group only. With this private tour, you will get to spend more time with your guide and ask him about everything you want to know about the Vatican.
VIP Vatican Tour: This ticket will get you a VIP Tour experience of the Vatican, exploring and learning about everything with luxury.
City Pass: If you don’t want to burn a hole in your pocket, buy separate tickets for every attraction you wish to visit in Rome, Buy a City Pass which gives discounted entry to a lot of Roman attractions.
Featured Image: MuseiVaticani.com